4 Ways to Check Hard Drive Health in Windows

Remember that friend whose precious data on their hard drive got corrupted and couldn’t be recovered? If you don’t want the same thing to happen, you need to periodically check the health of your hard disk. How do you think? ok There are four ways to check hard drive health in Windows.

Check hard drive health in Windows (17).

I don’t think your hard drive will deteriorate if you use it in moderation. New PC. However, Keeping an eye on things will keep you safe before things go south. There are several ways to check the health of your hard drive built into Windows.

In addition, Most hard disk manufacturers provide tools to check the health of their drives. So it all depends on your preference. Scroll down to learn all the methods.

1. Use the HDD/SSD manufacturer’s tool to check disk health.

This is one of the simplest and most effective ways to check the health of your disk. Western Digital; Most HDD companies like Samsung and Seagate make tools that allow you to check the health and performance of your hard drive.

ok If you are unsure about the manufacturer of your hard drive, You can use Windows Device Manager to find information about the drive. Here’s how you can do it.

Step 1: Press the Windows key; hit device Manager, Press Enter.

Press the Windows key;  Enter Device Manager.

Step 2: Click Disk drives and note the name or model of the hard drive.

Click Disk drives.

Step 3: now, Type the name or model number of your hard drive into Google and click the link to the manufacturer’s official website.

Example: WD My Passport 25W1 USB device

Model number on Google

Step 4: You will reach the manufacturer’s support page. now, Find hard drive utility.

Find hard drive utility.

We have listed the support pages of the leading hard disk manufacturers.

If you can’t find your manufacturer’s support page, Follow the steps below to check the health of your drive. Do not download any utility software from unwanted random websites.

2. Use Windows CHKDSK Tool for Disk Health Check.

As you may have guessed, CHKDSK stands for “Check Disk” and it is available in all versions of Windows. It scans your hard disk sectors and checks the health of the hard disk and marks the bad sectors. ‘bad’ Only to fix them later. In addition, If it doesn’t fix the problem for you, it lets you know to take care of it. How to do that?

Step 1: Press the Windows key; hit Command Prompt; And click on ‘Run as administrator’.

Press the Windows key and type Command Prompt.

Click Yes in the box.

Step 2: Paste the following command in the command prompt and press Enter.


command on the command prompt

Microsoft has a complete list of parameters to use with CHKDSK to check the health of your hard disk. What’s special is that you can use it too. chkdsk /f /r to repair bad sectors and recover any readable data if possible.

That’s all I’m saying. When it reboots, the system will scan the drive and indicate the health status of your drive.

3. Check hard drive health using Windows WMIC Tool.

It’s another Windows command-line tool that helps you monitor and manage your Windows operations, including running a health check of your hard disk. In case you’re wondering, WMIC is an acronym for Windows Management Instrumentation Command.

now, Follow the steps below.

Step 1: Press the Windows key; hit Command Prompt; Click Run as administrator.

Press the Windows key and type Command Prompt.

Step 2: Paste the following command in the command prompt and press Enter.


Press the Windows key and type Command Prompt.

Step 3: On the WMIC interface; Type the following command and press Enter.

Diskdrive get status

Type the following command and hit Enter.

Results for the test

With the above command, A tool will launch and within a second, This will give you the health status of your hard disk.

That’s all I’m saying. If you feel that the steps are complicated or that executing the commands is time-consuming. You can choose third-party software to check disk health for you. Jump to the next method.

4. Use a Third-Party Hard Disk Health Checker: HDDScan (Free Tool)

There are many third-party disk health checking tools, one of which is HDDScan. This free tool checks the health of your hard drive by looking at the PC’s SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) values ​​and disk temperature.

In addition, This device has Butterfly reading mode, Linear reading, It has many test features like Linear verification and Spindle start. This makes it an excellent choice for disk health checks. Therefore, How to use this tool is to check the health of the disk.

Step 1: Download and install HDDScan software using the link below.

Download HDDScan software.

Step 2: Open the software and select the hard drive from the top bar.

Select the hard drive from the top bar.

Step 3: now, Click the SMART option to view the disk’s health in detail.

Open HDDScan Software.

View disk health in detail.

that’s all. You can see all the bits and pieces of the hard drive in detail. In addition, You can play with the tool; test reading and writing speed; It can do things such as checking the temperature.

Can I check hard drive health using BIOS?

ok All the above methods are enough to understand the health of your hard disk. But if you want to go a step further, you can access your BIOS settings to check the drive’s health. This is for power users only. This step is not recommended as most of the above methods get the job done.

In addition, If your non-SSD hard drive is slow You may find that it partitions the hard drive using the built-in defrag tool in Windows rather than fully formatting it.

Bonus: Use Defragmentation and Optimize Drives.

This step is about clearing junk space on a slow machine. fast Unlike hard disk drives, SSDs do not store physical data. Therefore, this step does not apply to SSDs. However, There is no harm in optimizing the SSD. Follow the steps below.

Step 1: Press the Windows key;defragment and optimize the driver; Click Run as administrator.

Press the Windows key;  Run defragment and optimize drivers.

Step 2: Select Drive and click Optimize to scan for partitioned files and optimize performance.

Select the drive and click Optimize.

So here’s how you can check hard drive health in Windows and optimize your disk to speed it up. If you have additional questions, please continue to the next section.

FAQs on Windows Disk Health

1. How do I know if my hard drive is corrupted?

A damaged hard drive may show the following symptoms: It may be completely inaccessible or show slow performance, and files may be missing.

2. Can I fix Hard Disk health?

You cannot permanently repair the hard drive because it is not possible to replace the damaged parts of the hard drive (read/write heads, screen, etc.). The only thing you can change is how the hard drive is used.

3. What is the lifespan of a hard drive?

The average hard drive has a lifespan of three to five years.

4. Which HDD or SSD lasts longer?

From a purely numerical standpoint, an SSD has a lifespan of about 20 years, as opposed to an HDD of about six years. However, It’s important to remember that these things aren’t set in stone, and depending on a number of factors, you may need to replace your HDD or SSD more or less often.

5. Is it OK to plug in an external hard drive?

not much, Because it can affect driving. Over time, This can cause your hard drive to wear out sooner than if you only use it intermittently. To avoid this problem, You should unplug your external hard drive when you’re not using it.

Check it out before it’s too late.

There are many reasons for a hard disk failure or damage. But the most common reason is its age and how you use it. Therefore, Careful use of hardware products such as hard disks will help them last longer. All the methods mentioned above are methods that can be used to check hard drive health in Windows and take necessary precautions to increase its lifespan.

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